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Belgium Region

Region County

Belgium Region

Belgium shares borders with France (620 km), Germany (167 km), Luxembourg (148 km) and the Netherlands (450 km). Its total area, including surface water area, is 33,990 square kilometres land area alone is 30,528 km². Belgium has three main geographical regions: the coastal plain in the north-west, the central plateau, and the Ardennes uplands in the south-east. The coastal plain consists mainly of sand dunes and polders. Polders are areas of land, close to or below sea level that have been reclaimed from the sea, from which they are protected by dikes or, further inland, by fields that have been drained with canals. The central plateau lies further inland. It is a smooth, slowly rising area that has many fertile valleys and is irrigated by numerous waterways. Rougher land occurs on the plateau, including caves and small gorges.